Eye disorders affect millions of Americans of all ages. Eye disorders range in severity from being a minor nuisance to causing total blindness. Some of the most common types of eye disorders include refractive errors, cataracts, and glaucoma. It’s important to schedule regular eye exams with the ophthalmology department of your local hospital. Your ophthalmologist can detect these problems early and recommend appropriate treatments. Additionally, if you experience any sudden changes in your vision, have someone drive you to the hospital right away.
Cataracts are common among seniors. They occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, gradually obscuring vision. When the ophthalmologist at your community hospital first detects a cataract, it may not be severe enough to require invasive treatment. Instead, you may only require a new eyeglass prescription. As time passes, the cataract may interfere with your vision to the extent that surgery is required. During cataract surgery, the natural lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
Glaucoma doesn’t refer to one specific disease; rather, it’s a group of diseases that result in damage to the optic nerve. It tends to progress over a long period of time. If it isn’t detected early, it can lead to total blindness. A range of treatments are available for glaucoma. You may benefit from prescription eye drops, for example. Or, you may need to visit your community hospital for laser surgery or microsurgery. The goal of surgery is to increase drainage of intraocular fluid from the eye, reducing pressure.
Refractive errors include nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. They result in a loss of vision that requires corrective lenses. However, many people are turning to laser surgery to correct the vision loss and reduce their dependence on contact lenses or eyeglasses. Your local hospital might offer this type of ophthalmic surgery, which is known as laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK).
The ophthalmology department at Memorial Hospital of Tampa is committed to upholding the highest standards of patient care and surgical excellence. Our community hospital provides state-of-the-art treatment for an array of eye disorders, including refractive errors, glaucoma, and cataracts. You can schedule an appointment at our facility in South Tampa by calling (813) 873-6400.