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A clear lens in the eye focuses light. This lets the eye see images sharply. With age, the lens slowly becomes cloudy. The cloudy lens is a cataract. A cataract scatters light and makes it hard for the eye to focus. Cataracts often form in both eyes. But one lens may cloud faster than the other.
Do your eyes ever sting, burn, or feel scratchy? To be comfortable, your eyes need to be lubricated, or bathed, with tears. Normally, there is always a film of tears on the surface of your eyes. But if your eyes don’t produce enough tears, the surface gets irritated. This is known as "dry eyes."
Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) is a type of cosmetic surgery. It is most often done to improve the look of the eyelids. Both the upper and lower eyelids can be treated during the surgery. Discuss your treatment goals with your doctor. He or she can tell you more about what to expect.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause blindness. If caught early, it can usually be controlled. But it often has no symptoms, so you need regular eye exams. Glaucoma usually begins when pressure builds up in the eye. This pressure can damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve sends messages to the brain so you can see. There are two main kinds of glaucoma: "open-angle" and "closed-angle."
LASEK (pronounced "Lay-SEEK") stands for laser epithelial keratomileusis. It is a technique for reshaping corneal tissue. It can help you see better without glasses or corrective lenses. The epithelium (top layer of cornea) is softened with an alcohol solution. This makes a flap in the cornea. An excimer laser is then used to reshape the corneal tissue below the flap. The excimer laser produces a concentrated beam of cool ultraviolet (UV) light. LASEK can treat myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (vision distortions caused by cornea irregularities).
Retinal Tears and Detachments
The retina is the inside lining of the eye. It turns light into nerve signals. These signals are then sent to the brain where they become the images you see. The retina may be torn or detached due to aging, an eye injury, or other problems. Tears and detachments are painless. But they often cause troubling vision changes. If you have symptoms of a tear or detachment, see your ophthalmologist right away, within 24 hours of noticing symptoms. He or she will assess your vision changes and help you decide on treatment.
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